Design and features
The X20 is very similar in design to the X10, except for some important changes that make the X20 even more enjoyable to shoot with. The body has the same magnesium alloy chassis and an aluminum front, and the black-and-silver version shares an aesthetic with its sibling, the X100S. New to the X20 is an overlay in the viewfinder that makes it slightly more useful; in addition to delivering a readout with the mode, shutter speed, and aperture, it provides an autofocus area display and focus lock indicator -- though it's not a through-the-lens viewfinder, the focus area really helps.
Another change which greatly enhances the camera's appeal is the addition of manual focus peaking (highlighting of in-focus edges); as a result, I found myself using and trusting the manual focus a lot more with the X20 than the X10.
The third important change stems from the sensor change from the X10; the X20 uses an X-Trans sensor instead of the X10's EXR sensor. That means there's no more confusing choice for the auto or reduced-resolution mode necessary to deliver the optimal photo quality depending upon the scene, one of the things I really disliked about the X10. Now the mode dial has the usual array of auto, manual, and semimanual shooting modes, plus two custom settings slots; movie mode; and the "Advanced" shooting modes.
While Canon and Olympus take the approach of using a ring on the dial for adjusting settings, Fujifilm is using the lens ring to power on and manually zoom. In fact, this is the only thing I still don't like about the design. It's especially annoying if you just want to review your images; you have to remove the large lens cap and twist on the lens before you can view them. I do like that there are focal-length indicators on the barrel, and the zoom has a good fee l-- not too tight and not too loose. The grip is small but in combination with the rubber thumb rest proves sufficient for single-handed shooting.
Like many of its competitors, the X20 has an exposure compensation dial on top. On the back you'll find the usual array of buttons and dials. Fujifilm has replaced the raw override button with a quick-menu button. The navigation dial is a tad loose and its associated buttons -- macro, drive, flash, and self-timer -- feel a bit too flat too use without deliberation. All the important shooting options are directly accessible via buttons, except perhaps ISO sensitivity, and you can program the Fn button for that.
One note for tripod users: the mount sits way to the left of the camera. That means that you can swap the SD card or battery while it's attached to the plate, but it might affect your camera placement.
|Canon PowerShot G15 Canon PowerShot G1 X Fujifilm X10||Fujifilm X20Nikon Coolpix P7700 Sony Cyber-shot DSC-RX100|
|Sensor (effective resolution)||12.1MP CMOS||14.3MP CMOS||12MP EXR CMOS||12MP X-Trans CMOS||12.2MP BSI CMOS||20.2MP Exmor CMOS|
(18.7 x 14mm)
(13.2 x 8.8mm)
|Sensitivity range||ISO 80 - ISO 12800||ISO 100 - ISO 12800||ISO 100 - ISO 3200||ISO 100 - ISO 12800||ISO 80 - ISO 3200/ 6400 (exp)||ISO 100 - ISO 25600|
|Lens||28 - 140mm |
|28 - 112mm |
|28 - 112mm |
|28 - 112mm |
|28 - 200mm |
|28 - 100mm |
|Closest focus (inches)||0.4||7.9||0.4||3.9||0.8||1.9|
|Burst shooting||10fps |
8 JPEG/ n/a raw
11 JPEG/n/a raw
6JPEG/ n/a raw
(10fps with fixed exposure)
|25-area Contrast AF|
|Metering||n/a||n/a||256 zones||256 zones||n/a||n/a|
|Shutter||15 - 1/4,000 se||60 - 1/4,000 sec||30 - 1/4,000 sec||30 - 1/4,000 sec||n/a||30 - 1/2,000 sec; bulb|
|LCD||3-inch fixed 922,000 dots||3-inch articulated 922,000 dots||2.8-inch fixed |
|2.8-inch fixed |
|3-inch articulated |
|3-inch fixed |
|Video (best quality)||1080/24p |
H.264 QuickTime MOV
|1080/24p H.264 QuickTime MOV |
|1080/30p H.264 QuickTime MOV Stereo||1080/60p H.264 QuickTime MOV Stereo||1080/30p |
H.264 QuickTime MOV
|1080/ 60p/50p |
|Manual iris and shutter in video||No||No||No||No||Yes||Yes|
|Zoom during movies||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes||Yes |
|Battery life (CIPA rating)||350 shots||250 shots||270 shots||270 shots||330 shots||330 shots|
|Size (WHD, inches)||4.4 x 3 x 1.6||4.6 x 3.2 x 2.6||4.6 x 2.7 x 2.2||4.6 x 2.7 x 2.2||4.7 x 2.9 x 2||4 x 2.4 x 1.4|
|Weight (ounces)||12.3||18.8||12.4||12.8||13.9 (est.)||8.5 (est.)|
|Availability||October 2012||February 2012||November 2011||March 2013||September 2012||July 2012|
The X20's Advanced shooting modes add a very basic multiple exposure -- double exposure, actually, with no way to adjust the exposure -- and a typical set of special-effects filters. Retained from the X10 are Fujifilm's "Pro" multishot modes. Pro Low-light combines four shots to improve noise in low light and Pro focus combines up to three shots to perform what other cameras call background defocus. The third multishot mode, Motion Panorama 360, is one of those panorama modes where you pan the camera while holding down the shutter button, a la Sony's Sweep Panorama. Fujifilm does let you save the individual images in addition to the automatically combined one, which is a nice feature. Face recognition has been dropped, if you care.
The feature set delivers everything a serious photographer might want -- except perhaps a built-in neutral-density filter and tilting flash -- but it's still pretty basic; no articulated LCD, wireless, geotagging, or even manual video controls. While significantly improved over the X10, the shooting design is still pretty typical for this crowd, though the nice viewfinder implementation elevates it above the competition.
For a complete accounting of the X20's features and operation, download the PDF manual.
There's a lot to recommend the Fujifilm X20, especially if you're looking for a more old-school shooting experience in a digital compact or want an optical viewfinder and can't afford the X100S. It delivers very good performance, a nice feel, and a streamlined interface. But its image quality -- while very good -- doesn't make it stand out from the competition, and its video disappoints.